The shoulder joint is formed by a combination of muscles and tendons designed to support the humerus (upper arm bone), shoulder blade (scapula), and collar bone. The human body has a great deal of range of motion that allows throwing motions and reaching the back; however, this great flexibility puts the shoulder at risk to overuse syndromes and injuries.
Shoulder pain may start in the shoulder itself but it’s not uncommon for it to come from the surrounding muscles, tendons, and ligaments either. Common causes for shoulder pain includes arthritis, inflammation of the tendons (tendinitis), inflammation of the bursa (bursitis), or even a tear of a supporting structure such as the rotator cuff or a ligament. An x-ray or MRI may be necessary to evaluate the source of the pain further.
Non-surgical treatment options include a peripheral joint injection that places a strong anti-inflammatory into the joint itself to decrease pain and irritation. If you have already had a cortisone injection, we recommend not risking additional damage with repeated injections. Instead, consider regenerative medicine treatments such as platelet-rich plasma, stem cells inject therapy, and/or growth factor injection therapy. Physical therapy may also be necessary in combination with any non-surgical treatment option.